What You Need to Know About the Vietnamese Writing System

Vietnamese and English Writing Style

The Vietnamese Alphabet is somehow associated with the English Alphabet since the vowels in the English Alphabet are similar to the Vietnamese Alphabet which is a, e, i, o, and u. There are also additions for some Vietnamese Alphabet like ă, â, e ê, ô, ơ, and ư.

Below is the basics of the Vietnamese language. If you’re interested, this guide will give you an idea as to how it’s done – whether it’s for cheap essay writing, public speaking, or you just simply would love to learn the language.

Another difference of the English Alphabet with the Vietnamese Alphabet is f, j, w, z; they are not a part of the Vietnamese Alphabet. Also, letter đ (d with a dash in the middle of the vertical line) is included in the Vietnamese Alphabet. If the English Alphabet consists of 26 letters, the Vietnamese Alphabet consists of 29. How did that happen? 26 (the number of letters in the English Alphabet) – 4 (f, j, w, z) + 1 (đ) + 6 (the additional letters that derived from the vowels).

Vietnamese Vowels

In Vietnamese Alphabet, there are 12 vowels – all 5 of the English vowels and their corresponding additions which was mentioned earlier and the letter y. Some vowels may be mixed with other vowels to make vowel clusters like ư + ơ + i to form the vowel cluster ươi. Vowel clusters can constitute of two or three vowels. A two-vowel group is called diphthong while a three-vowel is triphthong.

Vietnamese Consonants

Now, let’s talk about consonants. There are 17 Vietnamese consonants. Like vowels, there are some consonants that can be combined in order to create consonant clusters or groups. But, not all consonant combinations are valid just like not all vowel combinations are valid. If you chain a one-letter consonants’ sounds, the sound of consonant groups may be slightly different from one another.

In Vietnamese, a word is made up of an optional starting consonant. A mandatory vowel is then followed, and then an optional ending consonant. For instance, the word ưu in the adjective ưu tiên which means prioritize in the English language has only the vowel ưu with neither starting nor ending consonants. Vietnamese words’ structure only have a single vowel, making it monosyllabic. Because of this, Vietnamese words are shorter than English words.

Vietnamese Accent Marks

Accent marks, or what we also call diacritics, are a known part of the Vietnamese words since they show stresses for some syllables. For instance, dai and dài have the same set of letters, but these words have a different meaning. dai means tough while dài means long. There are five kinds of diacritics in Vietnamese and these are acute accentgravehooktilde, and dot.

These 5 gives off 5 different tones with the no-diacritic tone, giving 6 tones in Vietnamese. Using the word dai, the other 4 tonal variations are dái: acute accent, dải: hook, dãi: tilde, and dại: dot since grave is used earlier. All of the accent marks are mentioned above except for the dot which is written below. Also, it is suitable to put tone markers to vowel clusters.

Five Ways Of Using Instagram In Teaching A New Language

The internet has inspired the development of numerous social media platforms. Language teachers can take advantage of social media and use it as an educational tool to further perfect the abilities of the students to communicate in the language.

Instagram is a mobile phone application that was introduced into the market in October 2010. It permits individuals to display photographs and short videos with a time span of fifteen seconds on their timelines. Instagram allows its users to add different filters to their videos and photographs. Furthermore, people can caption their media, this is included in apps like InstaPort. Instagram also has an innovative video recorder which allows the user to omit certain sections of the recording saving time. Finally, the user can easily share their content on other platforms including email, Twitter and Facebook.

Before a language teacher can effectively use Instagram as an implement for teaching, it is recommended that certain settings are first adjusted.

  • The tutor and all members of the class should adjust their respective visibility settings to ensure that the videos and photos are not public. This implies that to view content that is relevant to the class, you have to first follow a class member. Further guidelines are outlined in the official policy of Instagram concerning privacy.
  • It is important for the teacher to employ hashtags that describe a specific class project or assignment so that the students can promptly locate the work. For example, the hashtag #ESLmyfavethings for an English class.
  • Since communication in Instagram is possible in 25 languages, the student should be urged to alter the language settings and pick the language being taught. This will provide them with further practice in the use of the language.

The following are five ways in which Instagram can be applied to teach a new language.

Instagram show and Tell

In this learning challenge, the tutor can ask the students to take a photo of an object or a number of items and share the pictures on Instagram. The photo should be followed by a brief description of the item in the new language. This challenge will encourage the learners to improve their vocabulary by practising how to use the words of the new language.

Sign Challenge

The sign challenge is effective if you reside in the country whose language you teach. This assignment involves encouraging students to photograph the various road signs they encounter and to subsequently translate their message in the new language. For instance, a student might explain the purpose of a “No Smoking” sign.

Grammar Police

In this assignment, students post photographs of someone breaking a rule and they accompany the photo with a caption explaining the particular error that has been committed.

Caption It!

In this learning method, the teacher uploads a photo of an object and then encourages the students to caption the item in the comments section.

Photos as prompts

The tutor uploads a photograph of a particular object or a situation and asks the learners to write an essay beginning with the event in the photograph.

There are more creative ways teachers can maximize Instagram to nurture quality education. Although there are now a lot of issues in terms of hacking and Instagram security, Instagram and other social media networks are still great tools to promote just about anything positively.

Learning a New Language Thru Music

Do you know that listening to music is one of the quickest ways of learning a new language? You can give it a try and see if it works. This article will explain to you how music is related to language and how listening to music, especially using classical music headphones ( click here to see an example ), can aid in learning a new language. But before that, let us first understand what language and music are.

What is Language?

Language is a system or method of communicating either in terms of symbols or words in which human beings express themselves, either thru written or spoken means. On the other hand, communication is the process of exchanging or conveying news or information.

What is Music?

Music is the art of using, producing, and playing sounds that are organized into harmonic frequencies. It uses voices and instruments to deliver messages, ideas, and even emotions. It is also an entertainment form that is used in a lot of ways and on different occasions. The sound is organized and arranged with the use of harmony, melody, and rhythm.  Its other characteristics are timbre, dynamics, and pitch. All the sounds form into one cohesive whole, with one or more voices and instruments. How music started is not easy to determine, it probably began with singing, clapping and beating of the hands in different angles although in which there is not a  single archaeological record for this.

The Relationship between Language and Music

Music and language were initially thought to involve distinct mechanisms in the brain Speech and music in words were thought to be controlled by the left hemisphere of the brain and music in the right.

The most apparent connection between music and language, though, is that music can help you to remember and recognize words. It has been discovered that listening to music enables you to learn words more easily than when it is in the form of a speech. Listening can be enhanced by the use of classical music headphones or any other type of headphone with good clarity and noise cancellation capability.  Music can also help children develop language skills easily.

How Music Helps You Learn a New Language

It is believed that music can unlock any language. If you want to learn a new one, it would be good to keep the following in mind:

Memory Technique

Music can actually help you memorize a vast amount of information without much effort. Just imagine the first time you learned the alphabet song and the time you were asked to say what comes before a specific letter – example, letter “S”. For sure, you actually found yourself singing the alphabet song. By applying a catchy song or beat to a foreign phrase, you can easily remember it.

Mining Technique

Music can help you establish an association between new words and their meanings as well as their context. Knowing the context of these words will help you understand and remember instead of just memorizing them.  One mistake that is often committed while learning a new language is that words are often treated like in a vacuum as if these are stand-alone units.  By using a pop song and understanding the context of the words in the lyrics, you can easily understand and remember these new words.

Technique for Mood-Enhancement and Motivation

Music moves us in so many ways.  You only have to close your eyes while listening to music and you will feel transported to a different place or time. We move to its beat, tapping our fingers and moving our feet to its rhythm and beat.  Music invigorates and energizes us.

Thus, when you are trying to learn a new language, why not put the music of that country on your playlist? For example, if you are learning French, play Edith Piaf’s La Vie En Rose or  Non, je ne regrette rien.  It does not only set the mood, but it also helps you remember the words correctly, pronounce them correctly, and understand their meaning and context.